Cappiello M, Xie W, David A, Bikson M. Zhang W. Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation Modulates Pattern Separation. NeuroReport. 2016 PDF

Bikson M…Woods A et al. Safety of Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation: Evidence Based Update. Brain Stimulation  2016 Journal Link

Alam M, Truong DQ, Khadka N, Bikson M. Spatial and polarity precision of concentric high-definition transcranial direct current stimulation (HD-tDCS). Phys. Med. Biol. 2016: 61, 4506–4521 PDF

Kasschau M, Reisner J, Sherman K, Bikson M, Datta A, Charvet LE. Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation Is Feasible for Remotely Supervised Home Delivery in Multiple Sclerosis. Neuromodulation Technology at the Neural Interface. DOI: 10.1111/ner.12430 PDF

Hogeveen J, Grafman J, Aboseria M, David A, Bikson M, Hauner KK. Effects of high-definition and conventional tDCS on response inhibition. Brain Stimul. 2016: S1935-861X(16)30091-2. doi: 10.1016/j.brs.2016.04.015 PDF

Cancelli A, Cottone C, Tecchio F, Truong D, Dmochowski J, Bikson M. A simple method for EEG guided transcranial Electrical Stimulation without models. Journal of Neural Engineering. 2016. 13, 036022. doi:10.1088/1741-2560/13/3/036022 PDF

Santos-Pontelli TE, Rimoli BP, Favoretto DB, Mazin SC, Truong DQ, Leite JP, Pontes-Neto OM, Babyar SR, Reding M, Bikson M, Edwards DJ. Polarity-Dependent Misperception of Subjective Visual Vertical during and after Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS). PLoS One. 2016 Mar 31;11(3):e0152331. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0152331 PDF

Hämmerer D, Bonaiuto J, Klein-Flügge M, Bikson M, Bestmann S.. Selective alteration of human value decisions with medial frontal tDCS is predicted by changes in attractor dynamics.  Nature Scientific Reports (2016) 6:25160 | DOI: 10.1038/srep25160 PDF

Woods AJ, Antal A, Bikson M, Boggio PS, Brunoni AR, Celnik P, Cohen LG, Fregni F, Herrmann CS, Kappenman ES, Knotkova H, Liebetanz D, Miniussi C, Miranda PC, Paulus W, Priori A, Reato D, Stagg C, Wenderoth N, Nitsche MA. A technical guide to tDCS, and related non-invasive brain stimulation tools. Clin Neurophysiol. 2016;127(2):1031-48. doi: 10.1016/j.clinph.2015.11.012. PDF

Castillo-Saavedra L, Gebodh N, Bikson M, Diaz-Cruz C, Brandao R, Coutinho L, Truong D, Datta A, Shani-Hershkovich R, Weiss M, Laufer I, Reches A, Peremen Z, Geva A, Parra LC, Fregni F. Clinically Effective Treatment of Fibromyalgia Pain With High-Definition Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation: Phase II Open-Label Dose Optimization. J Pain. 2016 17(1):14-26. doi: 10.1016/j.jpain.2015.09.009.

Hampstead BM, Briceño EM, Mascaro N, Mourdoukoutas A, Bikson M. Current Status of Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation in Posttraumatic Stress and Other Anxiety Disorders. Current Behavioral Neuroscience Reports. Neuromodulation pp 1-7 10.1007/s40473-016-0070-9 PDF

Andreas Trier Poulsen, Simon Kamronn, Jacek Dmochowski, Lucas C. Parra, Lars Kai Hansen, “Measuring engagement in a classroom: Synchronised neural recordings during a video presentation.” in review. arXiv preprint



Kasschau M, Sherman K, Haider L, Frontario A, Shaw M, Datta A, Bikson M, Charvet L. A Protocol for the Use of Remotely-Supervised Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS) in Multiple Sclerosis (MS).  J. Vis. Exp. (106), e53542, doi:10.3791/53542 (2015). Video

Rahman A, Lafon B, Bikson M. Multilevel computational models for predicting the cellular effects of noninvasive brain stimulation. Prog Brain Res. 2015;222:25-40. doi:10.1016/bs.pbr.2015.09.003 PDF

Bikson M, Truong DQ, Mourdoukoutas AP, Aboseria M, Khadka N, Adair D, Rahman A. Modeling sequence and quasi-uniform assumption in computational neurostimulation. Prog Brain Res. 2015;222:1-23  doi:10.1016/bs.pbr.2015.08.005  PDF

Saavedra , Gebodh N, Bikson M, Diaz C, Brandao R, Coutinho L, Shani-Hershkovich R, Weiss M, Laufer I, Reches A, Peremen A, Geva A, Parra LC, Truong D, Fregni F. Clinically effective treatment of fibromyalgia pain with HD-tDCS – Phase II open-label dose-optimization. Journal of Pain. doi:10.1016/j.jpain.2015.09.009 2015 Journal Link

Dias DR, Trevizol AP, Miorin LA, Bikson M, Aboseria M, Shiozawa P, Cordeiro Q. Effect of Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation Protocol for Treating Depression Among Hemodialysis Patients: A Proof-of-Concept Trial. Journal of ECT In press 2015

DaSilva AF, Truong DQ, DosSantos MF, Toback RL, Datta A, Bikson M. State-of-art neuroanatomical target analysis of high-definition and conventional tDCS montages used for migraine and pain control. Frontier in Neuroanatomy, 15 July 2015 http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fnana.2015.00089 PDF Free Online

A, Nascimento T, Lawrence M, Gupta V, Zieba T, Truong DQ, Bikson M, Datta A, Bellile E, DaSilva AF. High-Definition and Non-Invasive Brain Modulation of Pain and Motor Dysfunction in Chronic TMD.Brain Stimulation in press 2015

Cancelli A, Cottone C, Parazzini M, Fiocchi S, Truong DQ, Bikson M, Tecchio D. Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation: Personalizing the Neuromodulation. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2015 :234-7. doi: 10.1109/EMBC.2015.7318343

Xu J, Healy SM, Truong DQ, Datta A, Bikson M, Potenza MN. A Feasibility Study of Bilateral Anodal Stimulation of the Prefrontal Cortex Using High-Definition Electrodes in Healthy Participants. Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine 88(3):219-225, 2015 PDF

Shekhawat GS, Sundram F, Bikson M, Truong D, Ridder DD, Kirk I, Stinear CM, Welch D, Searchfield GD. Intensity, Duration, and Location of High-Definition Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation for Tinnitus Relief Neurorehabilitation & Neural Repair. DOI: 10.1177/1545968315595286 2015 PDF

Galletta EE, Cancelli A, Cottone C, Simonelli I, Tecchio F, Bikson M, Marangolo P. Use of computational modeling to inform tDCS electrode montages for the promotion of language recovery in post-stroke aphasia. Brain Stimulation in press 2015

Knotkova H, Woods AJ, Bikson M, Nitche MA. Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS): What Pain Practitioners Need to Know.  Practical Pain Management. 15(3) 2015 link

Bikson M, Aboseria M, Uchida RR, Cordeiro Q. Targeting negative symptoms in schizophrenia: results from a proof-of-concept trial assessing  prefrontal anodic tDCS protocol. Schizophrenia Research. 166(1-3):362-3. doi: 10.1016/j.schres.2015.05.029 PDF

Senco NM, Huang Y, D’Urso G, Parra LC, Bikson M, Mantovani A, Shavitt EG, Hoexter MQ, Miguel EC, Brunoni A. Transcranial direct current stimulation in obsessive–compulsive disorder: emerging clinical evidence and considerations for optimal montage of electrodes. Expert Rev. Med Device 1-11 (2015) PDF

Jones KT, Stephens JA, Alam M, Bikson M, Berryhill ME. Longitidunal Neurostimulation in Older Adults Improves Working Memory. PLOS ONE DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0121904 Free Online

Nitsche M, Bikson M, Bestmann S. On the use of meta-analysis in neuromodulatory non-invasive brain stimulation. Brain Stimulation. Letter-to-the-editor in press 2015 DOI: 10.1016/j.brs.2015.03.008 PDF

Woods AJ, Hamilton R, Kranjec A, Minhaus P, Bikson M, Yu J, Chatterjee A. Exploring structure-function relationships using parallel fMRI and tDCS. Brain Stimulation 2015 doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.brs.2014.01.033

Khadka N, Truong DQ, Bikson M. Principles of Within Electrode Current Steering (WECS). Journal Of Medical Devices doi:10.1115/1.4030126  PDF

Charvet L, Kasschau M, Datta A, Knotkova H, Stevens MC, Alonzo A, Loo C, Krull KR, Bikson M. Remotely-Supervised Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS) for Clinical Trials: Guidelines for Technology and Protocols. Front. Syst. Neurosci. doi: 10.3389/fnsys.2015.00026 Free Online

Grecco LH, Li S, Michel S, Castillo-Saavedra L, Mourdoukoutas A, Bikson M, Fregni F. Transcutaneous Spinal Stimulation as a therapeutic strategy for spinal cord injury: State of the art. Journal of Neurorestoratology. 2015 PDF

Song W, Truong D, Bikson M, Martin JH. Trans-spinal direct current stimulation immediately modifies motor cortex sensorimotor maps Journal of Neurophysiology. 2015 PDF

Seibt O, Brunoni AR, Huang Y, Bikson M. The pursuit of DLPFC:  Non-neuronavigated methods to target the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex with symmetric bicephalic transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS) Brain Stimulation 2015 PDF

Brunoni AR. Bikson M et al. The Escitalopram versus Electric Current Therapy to treat Depression Clinical Study (ELECT-TDCS): rationale and study design of a non-inferiority, triple-arm, placebo-controlled clinical trial. São Paulo Medical Journal PDF

Fregni F, Nitsche MA, Loo CK, Brunoni AR, Marangolo P, Leite J, Carvalho S, Bolognini N, Caumo W, Paik NJ, Simis M, Ueda K, Ekhtiari H, Luu P, Tucker DM, Tyler WJ, Brunelin J, Datta A, Juan CH, Venkatasubramanian G, Boggio PM, Bikson M. Regulatory Considerations for the Clinical and Research Use of Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS): review and recommendations from an expert panel. Clinical Research and Regulatory Affairs. DOI: 10.3109/10601333.2015.980944 PDF

Foerster BR, Nascimento T, DeBoer M, Bender M, Rice I, Truong D,  Bikson M, Clauw D, Zubieta J, Harris R, DaSilva A. Excitatory and Inhibitory Brain Metabolites as Targets and Predictors of Effective Motor Cortex tDCS Therapy in Fibromyalgia Arthritis & Rheumatology 2015 doi: 10.1002/art.38945. PDF

Janne M. Hahne, Sven Dahne, Han-Jeong Hwang, Klaus-Robert Muller, Lucas C. Parra, “Concurrent Adaptation of Human and Machine Improves Simultaneous and Proportional Myoelectric Control”, IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems & Rehabilitation Engineering, in press, 2015. PDF

Yu Huang, Lucas C. Parra, Fully automated whole-head segmentation with improved smoothness and continuity, with theory reviewed, PLoS One, 10(5):e0125477, May 2015. PDF

Yu Huang, Lucas C. Parra, Stefan Haufe, “The New York Head – A precise standardized volume conductor model for EEG source localization and tES targeting”, NeuroImage, in press. PDF

Jason Ki, Simon Kelly, Lucas C. Parra, “Attention strongly modulates reliability of neural responses to naturalistic narrative stimuli.” Journal of Neuroscience, 36 (10), 3092-3101. PDF

Dmochowski JP, Norcia AM (2015) Cortical Components of Reaction-Time during Perceptual Decisions in Humans. PLoS ONE 10(11): e0143339. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0143339 HTML

Jacek P. Dmochowski, Alex S. Greaves, Anthony M. Norcia, Maximally reliable spatial filtering of steady state visual evoked potentials, NeuroImage, Volume 109, 1 April 2015, pp. 63-72. HTML



Reato D, Bikson M. Parra L. Lasting modulation of in-vitro oscillatory activity with weak direct current stimulation. Journal of Neurophyiology. doi: 10.1152/jn.00208. 2014 PDF Journal Link

M, Edwards D, Kappenman E. The outlook for non-invasive brain stimulation. Brain Stimulation 2014, 7(6):771-2. doi: 10.1016/j.brs.2014.10.005 PDF Journal Link

Khadka N, Rahman A, Sarantos C, Truong D, Bikson M. Methods for Specific Electrode Resistance Measurement during Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation Brain Stimulation 2014 8(1):150-9. doi: 10.1016/j.brs.2014.10.004.

Gillick BT, Kirton A, Carmel J, Minhas P, Bikson M. Pediatric Stroke and transcranial Direct Current Stimulation: Methods for Rational Individualized Dose Optimization Front. Hum. Neurosci. 2014; doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2014.00739 Free Online

Scheldrup M, Greenwood PM, McKendrick R, Strohl J, Bikson M, Alam A, McKinley RA, Parasuraman R. Transcranial direct current stimulation facilitates cognitive multi-task performance differentially depending on anode location and subtask Front. Hum. Neurosci. 2014; DOI: 10.3389/fnhum.2014.00665 Free Online

DosSantos MF, Martikainen LK, Nascimento TD, Love TM, DeBoer MD, Schambra HM, Bikson M, Zubieta J, DaSilva AF. Building up Analgesia in Humans via the Endogenous μ-Opioid System by Combining Placebo and Active tDCS: A Preliminary Report. PLOS ONE 2014; 9(7) e102350 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0102350 Free Online

Richardson JD, Fillmore P, Datta A, Truong D, Bikson M, Fridriksson J. Toward Development of Sham Protocols for High- Definition Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (HD-tDCS).NeuroRegulation 2014; 1(1) p. 62-72 doi:10.15540/nr.2014.1.1.62 PDF

Guleyupoglu B, Febles N, Minhas P, Hahn C, Bikson M. Reduced discomfort during High-Definition transcutaneous stimulation using 6% benzocaine. Frontiers of Human Neuroscience 2014; doi: 10.3389/fneng.2014.00028 PDF Free Online

Guarienti F, Caumo W, Shiozawa P, Cordeiro Q, Boggio PS, Benseñor IM, Lotufo PA, Bikson M, Brunoni AR. Reducing transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS)-induced erythema with skin pretreatment: considerations for sham-controlled tDCS clinical trials. Neuromodulation: Technology at the Neural Interface 2014; DOI: 10.1111/ner.12230 PDF

Moreno-Duarte I, Gebodh N, Schestatsky P, Guleyupoglu B, Reato D, Bikson M, Fregni F. Transcranial Electrical Stimulation: transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS), transcranial Alternating Current Stimulation (tACS), transcranial Pulsed Current Stimulation (tPCS), and Transcranial Random Noise Stimulation (tRNS). The Stimulated Brain 2014; (ed. R Cohen Kadosh). Elsevier ISBN 9780124047044, Chapter 2, p.35-60

Truong D, Minhas P, Nair A, Bikson M. Computational modeling assisted design of optimized and individualized transcranial Direct Current Stimulation protocols . The Stimulated Brain 2014; (ed. R Cohen Kadosh). Elsevier ISBN 9780124047044 Chapter 4, p.85-116

Antal A, Bikson M, Datta A, Lafon B, Dechent P, Parra LC, Paulus W. Imaging artifacts induced by electrical stimulation during conventional fMRI of the brain. Neuroimage 2014; 85:1040-1047 (Cover). PDF

Woods AJ, Hamilton RH, Kranjec A, Minhas P, Bikson M, Yu J, Chatterjee A. Space, Time, and Causality in the Human Brain. Neuroimage 2014; 92:285-297 PDF

Truong DQ, Huber M, Xie X, Datta A, Rahman A, Parra LC, Dmochowski J, Bikson M. Clinician accessible tools for GUI computational models of transcranial electrical stimulation: BONSAI and SPHERES. Brain Stimulation 2014; 7(4):521-4. doi: 10.1016/j.brs.2014.03.009 PDF   Use the free modeling tools here: BONSAI and SPHERES

Schambra HM, Bikson M, Wager TD, DosSantos MF, DaSilva AF. It’s all in your head: reinforcing the placebo response with tDCS. Brain Stimulation 2014; 7(4): 623-4  Letter-to-Editor

Brunoni AR, Shiozawa P, Truong D, Javitt DC, Elkis, H, Fregni F, Bikson M. Understanding tDCS effects in schizophrenia: a systematic review of clinical data and an integrated computation modeling analysis. Expert Reviews of Medical Devices 2014; epub PDF

Toshev P, Guleyupoglu B, Bikson M. Informing dose design by modeling transcutaneous spinal direct current stimulation Clinical Neurophysiology 2014; S1388-2457(14)00174-6. doi: 10.1016/j.clinph.2014.03.022.; PDF

Shahid SS, Bikson M, Wen P, Ahfock T. The value and cost of complexity in predictive modelling: role of tissue anisotropic conductivity and fibre tracts in neuromodulation Journal of Neural Engineering 2014; 11(3):036002. doi: 10.1088/1741-2560/11/3/036002 PDF

Manuel AL, David AW, Bikson M, Schnider A. Frontal tDCS modulates orbitofrontal reality filtering.Neuroscience 2014; 264: 21-27 PDF Journal Link

Weiss SA, Bikson M. Open questions on the mechanisms of neuromodulation with applied and endogenous electric fields. Frontiers of Human Neuroscience 2014; doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2014.00227 Free Online Opening editorial to special issue co-edited by M. Bikson and S.H Weiss

Rahman A, Toshev PL, Bikson M. Polarizing cerebellar neurons with transcranial Direct Current Stimulation Clinical Neurophysiology 2014; 125: 435-438 PDF

Jacek P. Dmochowski, Matthew A. Bezdek, Brian P. Abelson, John S. Johnson, Eric H. Schumacher, Lucas C. Parra, Audience preferences are predicted by temporal reliability of neural processing, Nature Communications 5: 4567, July 2014. full textpress release,

Martin Graziano, Lucas C. Parra, and Mariano Sigman, Neural Correlates of Perceived Confidence in a Partial Report Paradigm, Journal of Cognitive neuroscience, 2014.

Lacey EH, Jiang X, Friedman RB, Snider SF, Parra LC, Huang Y, Turkeltaub PE, Transcranial direct current stimulation for pure alexia: effects on brain and behavior, Brain Stimulation, accepted, 2014

Jessica Richardson, Abhishek Datta, Jacek Dmochowski, Lucas C. Parra, Julius Fridriksson, Feasibility of using high-definition transcranial direct current stimulation (HD-tDCS) to enhance treatment outcomes in persons with aphasia, NeuroRehabilitation, 36: 115–126, 2014 PDF

Alain de Cheveigne, Lucas C Parra, Joint decorrelation, a versatile tool for multichannel data analysis, NeuroImage, 2014 PDF

Sonja Binder, K Berg, Fernando Gasca, Belen Lafon, Lucas C Parra, Jan Born, Lisa Marshall, “Transcranial slow oscillation stimulation during sleep enhances memory consolidation in rats”, Brain Stimulation, March 2014.

Daniel Rosenthal, Paul DeGuzman, Lucas C Parra, Paul Sajda, “Neural evoked responses to events in video”, IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Signal Processing, 8(3), June 2014. PDF

Janne M Hahne, Felix Biessmann, Ning Jiang, Hubertus Rehbaum, Dario Farina, Frank C Meinecke, Klaus-Robert Muller, Lucas C Parra, “Linear and non-linear regression techniques for simultaneous and proportional myoelectric control”, IEEE Transaction in Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering, accepted, 2014. PDF

Rene Kempe, Yu Huang, Lucas C. Parra, “Simulating pad-electrodes with high-definition arrays in transcranial electric stimulation”, Journal of Neural Engineering, 11: 026003, 2014. PDF

Adamo, N., Di Martino, A., Esu, L., Petkova, E., Johnson, K.A., Kelly, SP, Castellanos, F.X., Zuddas, A. Increased RT variability across different cognitive tasks in children with ADHD. Journal of Attention Disorders, 2014. PDF



Kessler SK, Woods AJ, Minhas O, Rosen AR, Gorman C, Bikson M. Dosage considerations for transcranial direct current stimulation in children: a computational modeling study. PLOSE ONE In Press 2013, 8(9): e76112. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0076112 Free Online

Bikson M, Bestmann S, Edwards D. Transcranial Devices are not playthings. Nature 2013; correspondence 501:7466 PDF

Guleyupoglu B, Schestatsky P, Edwards D, Fregni F, Bikson M. Classification of methods in transcranial Electrical Stimulation (tES) and evolving strategy from historical approaches to contemporary innovations. Journal of Neuroscience Methods 2013; 219: 291-311 PDF Journal Link

Berker AO, Bikson M, Bestmann S. Predicting the behavioural impact of transcranial direct current stimulation: issues and limitations Frontiers of Human Neuroscience 2013; doi 10.3389/fnhum.2013.00613 Journal Link

Rahman A, Bikson M. Origins of specificity during tDCS: anatomical, activity-selective, and input-bias mechanisms Frontiers of Human Neuroscience 2013; doi 10.3389/fnhum.2013.00688 Journal Link

Reato D, Rahman A, Bikson M, Parra LC. Effects of weak transcranial Alternating Current Stimulation on brain activity – a review of known mechanisms from animal studies. Frontiers of Human Neuroscience 2013; doi 10.3389/fnhum.2013.00687 Journal Link PDF

Bikson M, Dmochowski J, Rahman A. The “Quasi-Uniform” Assumption in Animal and Computational Models of Non-Invasive Electrical Stimulation. Brain Stimulation Letter to the Editor 2013; 6:704-705 PDF

Datta A, Zhou X, Su Y, Parra LC, Bikson M. Validation of finite element model of transcranial electrical stimulation using scalp potentials: implications for clinical dose. J Neural Engineering2013;10(3):036018. doi: 10.1088/1741-2560/10/3/036018 PDF

Dmochowski J, Datta A, Huang Y, Richardson JC, Bikson M, Fridriksson J, Parra LC. Targeted Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation for Rehabilitation after Stroke. J Neuroimage 2013; 75:12-19 PDF

Moreno-Duarte I, Morse L, Alam M, Bikson M, Zafonte R, Fregni F. Targeted therapies using electric and magnetic neural stimulation for the treatment of chronic pain in spinal cord injury. Neuroimage2013; 85(3) 1003-1013 PDF

Okano AH, Fontes EB, Montenegro RA, Farinatti PV, Cyrino ES, Min LL, Bikson M, Noakes TD. Brain stimulation modulates the autonomic nervous system, rating of perceived exertion and performance during maximal exercise. British Journal of Sports Medicine 2013; epub PDF

Cano T, Morales-Quezada JL, Bikson M, Fregni F. Methods to focalize noninvasive electrical brain stimulation: principles and future clinical development for the treatment of pain. Expert Reviews Neurotherapy 2013; 13(5):465-7 Proof PDF

Rahman A, Reato D, Arlotti M, Gasca F, Datta A, Parra LC, Bikson M. Targeted Cellular Effects of Acute Direct Current Stimulation: Somatic and Synaptic Terminal Effects. Journal of Physiology2013; 591.10: 2563-2578 PDF

Truong DQ, Magerowski G, Blackburn GL, Bikson M, Alonso-Alonso M. Computational modeling of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) in obesity: impact of head fat and dose guidelines.Neuroimage Clinical 2013; 2:759-766 PDF

Edwards D, Cortes M, Datta A, Minhas P, Wassermann EM, Bikson M. Physiological and modeling evidence for focal transcranial electrical brain stimulation in humans: a basis for high-definition tDCS NeuroImage 2013; 74: 266-275 PDF

Villamar MF, Volz MS, Datta A, Bikson N, DaSilva AF, Fregni F. Technique and Considerations in the Use of 4×1 Ring High-definition Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (HD-tDCS). JOVE 2013; (77) doi: 10.3791/50309. WATCH

Chrysikou EG, Hamilton RH, Coslett HB, Datta A, Bikson N, Thompson-Schill SL. Non-invasive transcranial direct current stimulation over the left prefrontal cortex facilitates cognitive flexibility in tool use. Cognitive Neuroscience 2013; 4(2) 81-89 TEXT

Villamar MF, Wivatvongvana P, Patumanond J, Bikson M, Truong DQ, Datta A, Fregi F. Focal modulation of primary motor cortex in Fibromyalgia using 4×1-Ring High-Definition Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (HD-tDCS): Immediate and delayed analgesic effects of cathodal and anodal stimulation. J Pain 2013; 14(4): 371-83 PDF

Reato D, Gasca F, Datta, A, Bikson M, Marshall L, Parra LC. Transcranial electrical stimulation accelerates human sleep homeostasis. PLOS Computational Biology 2013; 9(2): e1002898. doi:10.1371/journal.pcbi.1002898 LINK

Hahn C, Rice J, Macuff S, Minhas P, Rahman A, Bikson M. Methods for extra-low voltage transcranial Direct Current Stimulation: Current and time dependent impedance decreases. Clinical Neurophysiology 2013; 124(3) 551-556 PDF

Datta A, Dmochowski J, Guleyupoglu B, Bikson N, Fregni F. Cranial Electrotherapy Stimulation and transcranial Pulsed Current Stimulation: A computer based high-resolution modeling studyNeuroimage 2013; 65:280-287. PDF

Kuo HI, Datta A, Bikson M, Minhas P. Paulus W, Kuo MF, Nitsche MA. Comparing cortical plasticity induced by conventional and high-definition 4×1 ring tDCS: a neurophysiological study Brain Stimulation 2013; 6(4):644-8 PDF Journal Link

Weiss SA, McKhann G, Goodman R, Emerson RG, Trevelyan A, Bikson M, Schevon CA. Field effects and ictal synchonization: insights from in homine observations Frontiers of Human Neuroscience2013; 7:828 Free Journal Link

Joao Dias, Jacek P. Dmochowski, Paul Sajda, Lucas C. Parra, “EEG precursors of detected and missed targets during free-viewing search”, Journal of Vision, 13(13):13, November, 2013. PDF

Yu Huang, Jacek P. Dmochowski, Yuzhuo Su, Abhishek Datta, Christopher Rorden, Lucas C. Parra, “Automated MRI Segmentation for Individualized Modeling of Current Flow in the Human Head”, Journal of Neural Engineering, 10(6):066004, October 2013. PDFcode

Lev Muchnik*, Sen Pei*, Lucas C. Parra*, Saulo D. S. Reis, Jose S. Andrade Jr., Shlomo Havlin, Hernan A. Makse, “Origins of power-law degree distribution in the heterogeneity of human activity in social networks”, Scientific Reports, 3: 1783, May 2013. PDF

Justin K Rice, Christopher Rorden, Jessica S. Little, Lucas C. Parra, “Subject Position Affects EEG Magnitudes,” Neuroimage, 64: 476-484, 2013 PDFPress

Kelly SP, O’Connell RG (2013). Internal and external influences on sensory evidence accumulation in the human brain. J Neurosci. Full Text

Kelly SP, Vanegas MI, Schroeder CE, Lalor EC, (2013) The Cruciform model of striate generation of the early VEP, re-illustrated, not revoked: a reply to Ales et al (2013). NeuroImage. 82, 154-159. PDF

Vanegas MI, Blangero A, Kelly SP (2013). Exploiting individual primary visual cortex geometry to boost steady state visual evoked potentials, J Neural Eng. 10 036003. PDF

Moisello C, Meziane H, Kelly SP, Perfetti B, Kvint S, Voutsinas N, Blanco D, Quartarone A, Tononi G, Ghilardi MF, Neural Activations during Visual Sequence Learning leave a trace in post-training spontaneous EEG. Plos ONE 2013, 8 (6), e65882.



Datta A, Troung D, Minhas P, Parra LC, Bikson M. Inter-individual variation during transcranial Direct Current Stimulation and normalization of dose using MRI-derived computational models.Frontiers in Neuropsychiatric Imaging and Stimulation. 2012; 3:91. doi: 10.3389/fpsyt.2012.00091Open Access

Bikson M, Rahman A, Datta A. Computational Models of Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation.Clinical EEG and Neuroscience . 2012; 43(3) 176-183 PDF

Dasilva AF, Mendonca ME, Zaghi S, Lopes M, Dossantos MF, Spierings EL, Bajwa Z, Datta A, Bikson M, Fregni F. tDCS-Induced Analgesia and Electrical Fields in Pain-Related Neural Networks in Chronic Migraine. Headache. 2012; 52(8) 1283-95 PDF

Medina J, Beauvais J, Datta A, Bikson M, Coslett HB, Hamilton RH. Transcranial direct current stimulation accelerates allocentric target detection. Brain Stimulation. 2012; 6(3) 433-9 PDFJournal Link

Dmochowski JP, Bikson M, Parra LC. The point spread function of the human head and its implications for transcranial current stimulation. Phys Med Biol. 2012; 57(20) 6459-77 PDF

Kronberg G, Bikson M. Electrode assembly design for transcranial Direct Current Stimulation: A FEM modeling study. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2012; 891-5. doi: 10.1109/EMBC.2012.6346075PDF

Truong DQ, Magerowski G, Pascual-Leone A, Alonso-Alonso M, Bikson M. Finite Element Study of Skin and Fat Delineation in an Obese Subject for Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2012; 6587-90. doi: 10.1109/EMBC.2012.6347504 PDF

Truong DQ, Datta A, Xu J, Fregni F, Bikson M. Optimization of Prefrontal Cortex transcranial Direct Current Stimulation via a Combined High Definition and Conventional Electrode Montage: A FEM modeling studying. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2012; Slides: PDF

Minhas P, Bikson M, Woods A, Rosen A, Kessler S. Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation in Pediatric Brain: A computational modeling study. 859-62. doi: 10.1109/EMBC.2012.6346067. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2012; PDF Free PMIC

Arlotti M, Rahman A, Minhas P, Bikson M. Axon terminal polarization induced by weak uniform DC electric fields: a modeling study. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2012; 4575-8. doi: 10.1109/EMBC.2012.6346985 PDF

Dmochowski J, Bikson M, Datta A, Richardson J, Fridriksson J, Parra L. On the Role of Electric Field Orientation in Optimal Design of Transcranial Electrical Stimulation Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2012; 6426-9. doi: 10.1109/EMBC.2012.6347465. PDF

Caparelli-Daquer E, Zimmermann TJ, Mooshagian E, Parra L, Rice J, Datta A, Bikson M, Wassermann EA. Pilot Study on Effects of 4×1 High-Definition tDCS on Motor Cortex Excitability.Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2012; 735-8. doi: 10.1109/EMBC.2012.6346036. PDF

Bikson M, Rahman A, Datta A, Fregni F, Merabet L. High-Resolution Modeling Assisted Design of Customized and Individualized Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation Protocols. Neuromodulation: Technology at the Neural Interface. 2012; 15:306-315 PDF

Elwassif MM, Datta A, Rahman A, Bikson M. Temperature control at DBS electrodes using a heat sink: experimentally validated FEM model of DBS lead architecture. Journal of Neural Engineering . 2012; 8(4) PDF

Borckardt JJ, Bikson M, Frohman H, Reeves ST, Datta A, Bansal V, Madan A, Barth K, George MS. A Pilot Study of the Tolerability and Effects of High-Definition Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (HD-tDCS) on Pain Perception. Journal of Pain . 2012; 13(2): 112-120 PDF

Peterchev AV, Wagner TM, Miranda PC, Nitsche MA, Paulus W, Lisanby SG, Pascual-Leone A, Bikson M. Fundamentals of transcranial electric and magnetic stimulation dose: definition, selection, and reporting practices. Brain Stimulation 2012; 5:435-53 PDF

Bikson M, Reato D, Rahman A. Cellular effects of electric and magnetic fields: insights animal models and in slice. In Transcranial Brain Stimulation (Frontiers in Neuroscience) 2012 ed. Carolo Miniussi, Walter Paulus, Paolo M. Rossini. CRC Press. ISBN 978-1439875704 p55-92 PDF

Bikson M, Datta A. Guidlines for precise and accurate models of tDCS. Brain Stimulation 2012; 5:430-4 PDF

Brunoni AR, Nitsche MA, Bolognini N, Bikson M et al. Clinical research with transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS): Challenges and Future Directions. Brain Stimulation 2012; 5(3): 175-95PDF

Davide Reato, Mario Cammarota, Lucas C. Parra, Giorgio Carmignoto, “Computational model of neuron-astrocyte interactions during focal seizure generation”, Frontiers in Computational Neuroscience, 6:81, 2012. PDF

Jacek P. Dmochowski, Paul Sajda, Joao Dias, Lucas C. Parra, “Correlated components of ongoing EEG point to emotionally laden attention – a possible marker of engagement?” Frontiers of Human Neuroscience, 6:112, April 2012. Full article PDF videoReuters TV code

Primoz Ravbar, Dina Lipkind, Lucas C. Parra, Ofer Tchernichovski, “Vocal Exploration Is Locally Regulated during Song Learning,” Journal of Neuroscience, 32(10):3422-3432, March 2012. PDF

O’Connell RG, Dockree PD, Kelly SP (2012). A supramodal accumulation-to-bound signal that determines perceptual decisions in humans. Nat Neurosci. 15(12):1729-3. HTML

Kelly SP, Schroeder CE, Lalor EC (2012). What does polarity inversion of extrastriate activity tell us about striate contributions to the early VEP? A comment on Ales et al (2010), NeuroImage, 38. 76:442-5. PDF

O’Connell RG, Dockree PD, Kelly SP. Discrete sensory evidence and supramodal “decision variable” signals that determine perceptual decisions in humans. Nat Neurosci. 2012 In Press.

Murphy JW, Kelly SP, Foxe JJ, Lalor EC. Isolating early cortical generators of visual-evoked activity: a systems identification approach. Exp Brain Res. 2012, In Press. PDF

Lalor EC, Kelly SP, Foxe JJ. Generation of the VESPA response to rapid contrast fluctuations is dominated by striate cortex: evidence from retinotopic mapping. Neuroscience. 2012, In Press. PDF

Foxe JJ, Morie KP, Laud PJ, Rowson MJ, de Bruin EA, Kelly SP. Assessing the effects of caffeine and theanine on the maintenance of vigilance during a sustained attention task. Neuropharmacology, 2012. 62(7):2319-2326.

Y. Huang, Y. Su, C. Rorden, J. Dmochowski, A. Datta and L. C. Parra, “An automated method for high-definition transcranial direct current stimulation modeling,” 2012 Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, San Diego, CA, 2012, pp. 5376-5379. doi: 10.1109/EMBC.2012.6347209 HTML



Dasilva AF, Volz MS, Bikson M, Fregni F. Electrode positioning and montage in transcranial direct current stimulation. JOVE . 2011; (51) video

Turkeltaub PE, Benson J, Hamilton RH, Datta A, Bikson M, Coslett HB. Left lateralizing transcranial direct current improves reading efficiency. Brain Stimulation 2011; 5:201-7 PDF

Dmochowski JP, Datta A, Bikson M, Su Y, Parra LC. Optimized multi-electrode stimulation increases focality and intensity at target. Journal of Neural Engineering . 2011; 8(4) PDF

Datta A, Baker J, Bikson M, Fridriksson F. Individualized model predicts brain current flow during transcranial direct-current stimulation treatment in responsive stroke patient. Brain Stimulation2011; 4: 169-74 PDF Pub Med HTML

Halko M, Datta A, Plow E, Scaturro J, Bikson M, Merabet L. Neuroplastic changes following rehabilitative training correlate with regional electrical field induced with tDCS. NeuroImage . 2011; 57: 885-891 PDF

Mendonca ME, Santana MB, Baptista AF, Datta A, Bikson M, Fregni D, Araujo CP. Transcranial DC Stimulation in Fibromyalgia: Optimized cortical target supported by high-resolution computational models. Journal of Pain . 2011; 12(5):610-617 PDF COVER

Minhas P, Datta A, Bikson M. Cutaneous perception during tDCS: Role of electrode shape and sponge salinity. Clinical Neurophysiology . 2011; 122:637-638 PDF

Bikson M, Datta A, Elwassif M, Bansal V, Peterchev AV. Introduction to Electrotherapy Technology. in Brain Stimulation in the Treatment of Pain. ed. Helena Knotkova, Ricardo Crucianim, and Joav Merrick. Nova Science, New York 2011 ISBN 978-1-60876-690-1 PDF

Xiang Zhou, Simon Henin, Glenis Long, Lucas C. Parra, “Impaired Cochlear Function Correlates with the Presence of Tinnitus and its Estimated Spectral Profile”, Hearing Research, 277(1-2): 107-116, July 2011. PDF

Foxe JJ, Yeap S, Snyder AC, Kelly SP, Thakore JH, Molholm S. The N1 auditory evoked potential component as an endophenotype for schizophrenia: high-density electrical mapping in clinically unaffected first-degree relatives, first-episode, and chronic schizophrenia patients. Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci. 2011. 261(5):331-9.

Gomez-Ramirez M, Kelly SP, Sehatpour P, Molholm S, Schwartz T, & Foxe JJ. Oscillatory Sensory Selection Mechanisms during Intersensory Attention to Rhythmic Auditory and Visual Inputs: A Human Electro-Corticographic Investigation. J Neurosci, 2011. 14;31(50):18556-67. PDF

Krakowski AI, Ross LA, Snyder AC, Sehatpour P, Kelly SP, Foxe JJ. The neurophysiology of human biological motion processing: A high-density electrical mapping study. NeuroImage, 2011. Full Text

J. P. Dmochowski, M. Bikson, A. Datta, Y. Su and L. C. Parra, “A multiple electrode scheme for optimal non-invasive electrical stimulation,” Neural Engineering (NER), 2011 5th International IEEE/EMBS Conference on, Cancun, 2011, pp. 29-35. doi: 10.1109/NER.2011.5910482 PDF



Reato D, Rahman A, Bikson M, Parra L. Low-intensity electrical stimulation affects network dynamics by modulating population rate and spike timing. Journal of Neuroscience. 2010; 30(45):15067-79 PDF

Servais EL, Rizk NP,McGwyver LO, Rusch VW, Bikson M, Adusumilli PS. Real-time intraoperative detection of tissue hypoxia in gastrointestinal surgery by Wireless Pulse Oximetry (WiPOX). Surgical Endoscopy. 2010; 25(5):1383-9

Datta A, Rahman A, Scaturro J, Bikson M. Electrode montages for tDCS and weak transcranial electrical stimulation Role of “return” electrode’s position and size. Clinical Neurophysiology. 2010; 121:1976-1978 PDF

Minhas P, Patel J, Bansal V, , Ho J, Datta A, Bikson M. Electrodes for high-definition transcutaneous DC stimulation for applications in drug-delivery and electrotherapy, including tDCS. Journal of Neuroscience Methods . 2010; 190(2):188-97 PDF

Datta A, Bikson M, Fregni F. Transcranial direct current stimulation in patients with skull defects and skull plates: High-resolution computational FEM study of factors altering cortical current flow.Neuroimage . 2010; 52(4):1268-78 PDF

Sunderam S, Gluckman B, Reato D, Bikson M. Toward rational design of electrical stimulation strategies for epilepsy control. Epilepsy & Behavior . 2010; 17:6-22 PDF

Lopez-Quitero SV, Datta A, Amaya R, Elwassif M, Bikson M, Tarbell JM. DBS-relevant electric fields increase hydraulic conductivity of in vitro endothelial monolayers. Journal of Neural Engineering . 2010; 7(1) PDF

Jacek P. Dmochowski, Paul Sajda, Lucas C. Parra, “Maximum Likelihood in Cost-Sensitive Learning: Model Specification, Approximations, and Upper Bounds”, Journal of Machine Learning Research, 11: 3313-3332, 2010. PDFexamples and matlab code

Xiang Zhou, Simon Henin, Suzanne Thompson, Glenis Long, Lucas C. Parra, “Sensitization to masked tones following notched-noise priming correlates with estimates of cochlear function using distortion product otoacoustic emissions”, Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 127(2):970-976. February 2010. PDF

Paul Sajda, Lucas C. Parra, Christoforos Christoforou, Barbara Hanna, Claus Bahlmann, Jun Wang, Eric Pohlmeyer, Jacek Dmochowski, Shih-Fu Chang, “In a blink of an eye and a switch of a transistor: Cortically-coupled computer vision”, Proceedings of the IEEE, 98(3): 462-478, March 2010. PDF

Christoforos Christofou, Robert Haralik, Paul Sajda, Lucas C. Parra, “Second Order Bilinear Discriminant Analysis,” Journal of Machine Learning Research, 11:665-685, 2010. PDF

Frey HP, Kelly SP, Lalor EC, Foxe JJ. Early spatial attentional modulation of inputs to the fovea. J Neurosci. 2010. 30(13):4547-51. PDF

Kelly SP, Foxe JJ, Newman G, Edelman JA. Prepare for Conflict: EEG correlates of the anticipation of target competition during overt and covert shifts of visual attention. Eur J Neurosci. 2010. 31(9):1690-700. PDF

Kelly SP, Schroeder CE, Lalor EC. What does polarity inversion of extrastriate activity tell us about striate contributions to the early VEP? A comment on Ales et al (2010). NeuroImage, In Press. PDF

E. Habets , J. Benesty , I. Cohen , S. Gannot and J. Dmochowski, “New insights into the MVDR beamformer in room acoustics”, IEEE Trans. Audio, Speech, Lang. Process., vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 158-170, 2010 PDF



Radman T, Ramos RL, Brumberg JC, Bikson M. Role of cortical cell type and morphology in sub- and suprathreshold uniform electric field stimulation. Brain Stimulation. 2009; 2(4):215-228. PDF

Datta A, Bansal V, Diaz J, Patel J, Reato D, Bikson M. Gyri –precise head model of transcranial DC stimulation: Improved spatial focality using a ring electrode versus conventional rectangular pad.Brain Stimulation. 2009; 2(4):201-207. PDF

Datta A, Elwassif M. Bikson M. Establishing safety limits for transcranial direct current stimulationClinical Neurophysiology . 2009; 120:1033-1034 PDF

Bikson M, Datta A, Elwassif M. Bio-heat transfer model of transcranial DC stimulation: Comparison of conventional pad versus ring electrode IEEE EMBS. 2009 PDF

Paul Sajda, Marios G. Philiastides, Lucas C. Parra, “Single-trial Analysis of Neuroimaging Data: Inferring Neural Networks Underlying Perceptual, Decision Making in the Human,” IEEE Reviews In Biomedical Engineering, vol. 2, pp. 97-109, 2009. PDF

Kristen K. Maul, Henning U. Voss, Lucas C. Parra, Delanthi Salgado-Commissariat, Douglas Ballon, Ofer Tchernichovski, Santosh A. Helekar, “The development of stimulus-specific auditory responses requires song exposure in male but not female zebra finches,” Developmental Neurobiology, 70(1): 28-40, November 2009. PDF,journal cover

Lucas C. Parra, Jeffrey M. Beck, Anthony J. Bell, “On the maximization of information flow between spiking neurons,” Neural Computations, vol. 21, no. 11, pp. 2991-3009, November, 2009. PDF

Wei Ji Ma, Xiang Zhou, Lars A. Ross, John J. Foxe, Lucas C. Parra, “Lip-reading aids word recognition most in moderate noise: a Bayesian explanation using high-dimensional feature space,” PLoS ONE, 4 (3) e4639, March 4, 2009. PDFsupplementary materialsample stimulipress release

O’Connell RG, Dockree PM, Robertson IH, Bellgrove MA, Foxe JJ, Kelly SP. Uncovering the Neural Signature of Lapsing Attention: electrophysiological signals predict errors up to 20 seconds before they occur. J Neurosci. 2009. 29(26):8604-11. PDF

Yeap S, Kelly SP, Reilly RB, Thakore JH, Foxe JJ. Visual sensory processing deficits in bipolar disorder revealed through high-density electrical mapping. J Psychiat Neurosci. 2009. 34(6):459-64. PDF

Gomez-Ramirez M, Kelly SP, Montesi JL, Foxe JJ. The effects of L-theanine on alpha-band oscillatory brain activity during a visuo-spatial attention task. Brain Topography. 2009. 22(1):44-51. PDF

Kelly SP, Gomez-Ramirez M, Foxe JJ. The strength of anticipatory spatial biasing predicts target discrimination at attended locations: A high-density EEG study. Eur J Neurosci. 2009. 30(11):2224-34. PDF

J. Dmochowski, J. Benesty and S. Affes, “An Information-Theoretic View of Array Processing,” in IEEE Transactions on Audio, Speech, and Language Processing, vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 392-401, Feb. 2009. doi: 10.1109/TASL.2008.2010277 PDF

J. Dmochowski, J. Benesty and S. Affes, “On Spatial Aliasing in Microphone Arrays,” in IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing, vol. 57, no. 4, pp. 1383-1395, April 2009. doi: 10.1109/TSP.2008.2010596 PDF



Bikson M, Bulow P, Stiller JW, Datta A, Battaglia F, Karnup SV, Postolache TT. Transcranial direct current stimulation for major depression: a general system for quantifying transcranial electrotherapy dosage. Current Treatment Options in Neurology. 2008; 10:377-85. PDF

Datta A, Elwassif M, Battaglia F, Bikson M. Transcranial current stimulation focality using disc and ring electrode configurations: FEM analysis. Journal of Neural Engineering. 2008; 5:163-174. PDF

An JH, Radman T, Su Y, Bikson M. Effects of glucose and glutamine concentration in the formulation of the artificial cerebrospinal fluid (ACSF). Brain Research. 2008; 1218:1586-93 PDF

Su Y, Radman T, Vaynshteyn J, Parra LC, Bikson M. Effects of high-frequency stimulation on epileptiform activity in vitro: ON/OFF control paradigm. Epilepsia. 2008; 49:1586-93 PDF

Yuzhuo Su, Sunitha Thakur, Karimi Sasan, Shuyan Du, Paul Sajda, Wei Huang, Lucas C. Parra, “Spectrum Separation Resolves Partial Volume Effect of MRSI as Demonstrated on Brain Tumor,” NMR in Biomedicine, Vol. 21, No. 1, pp. 1030-1042, November 2008. PDF

Lucas C. Parra, Christoforos Christoforou, Adam D. Gerson, Mads Dyrholm, An Luo, Mark Wagner, Marios G. Philiastides, Paul Sajda, “Spatio-temporal linear decoding of brain state: Application to performance augmentation in high-throughput tasks”, IEEE Signal Processing Magazine, vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 95-115, January 2008. PDF

Barnett KJ, Foxe JJ, Molholm S, Kelly SP, Shalgi S, Mitchell KJ, Newell FN. Differences in early sensory-perceptual processing in synesthesia: a visual evoked potentials study. NeuroImage. 2008 43(3):605-13. PDF

Johnson KA, Kelly SP, Robertson IH, Barry E, Mulligan A, Daly M, Lambert D, McDonnell C, Connor TJ, Hawi Z, Gill M, Bellgrove MA. Absence of the 7-repeat variant of the DRD4 VNTR is associated with drifting sustained attention in children with ADHD but not in controls. Am J Med Genet B Neuropsychiatr Genet. 2008, 147B(6):927-37. PDF

Johnson KA, Barry E, Bellgrove MA, Cox M, Kelly SP, Dáibhis A, Daly M, Keavey M, Watchorn A, Fitzgerald M, McNicholas F, Kirley A, Robertson IH, Gill M. Dissociation in response to methylphenidate on response variability in a group of medication naïve children with ADHD. Neuropsychologia. 2008, 46(5):1532-41. PDF

Yeap S, Kelly SP, Sehatpour P, Magno E, Garavan H, Thakore JH, Foxe JJ. Visual sensory processing deficits in Schizophrenia and their relationship to disease state. Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci. 2008, 258(5):305-16. PDF

Yeap S, Kelly SP, Thakore JH, Foxe JJ. Visual sensory processing deficits in first-episode patients with Schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Research. 2008, 102(1-3):340-3. PDF

Kelly SP, Gomez-Ramirez M, Montesi JL, Foxe JJ. L-theanine and caffeine in combination affect human cognition as evidenced by oscillatory alpha-band activity and attention task performance. Journal of Nutrition. 2008, 138(8):1572S-1577S. PDF

Kelly SP, Gomez-Ramirez M, Foxe JJ. Spatial Attention Modulates Initial Afferent Activity in Human Primary Visual Cortex. Cereb Cortex. 2008, 18(11):2629-36. PDF

De Sanctis P, Ritter W, Molholm S, Kelly SP, Foxe JJ. Auditory scene analysis: the interaction of stimulation rate and frequency separation on pre-attentive grouping. Eur J Neurosci. 2008 27(5):1271-6. PDF

Kaneshiro, B., Dmochowski, J. P., Norcia, A. M., & Berger, J. (2014). Toward an objective measure of listener engagement with natural music using inter-subject EEG correlation. In ICMPC13-APSCOM5. PDF

J. P. Dmochowski, Zicheng Liu and P. A. Chou, “Blind source separation in a distributed microphone meeting environment for improved teleconferencing,” 2008 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing, Las Vegas, NV, 2008, pp. 89-92. doi: 10.1109/ICASSP.2008.4517553 PDF

J. Dmochowski, J. Benesty and S. Affes, “Fast steered response power source localization using inverse mapping of relative delays,” 2008 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing, Las Vegas, NV, 2008, pp. 289-292. doi: 10.1109/ICASSP.2008.4517603 PDF

J. Dmochowski, J. Benesty and S. Affes, “Calibrated acoustic source localization,” Communications, 2008 24th Biennial Symposium on, Kingston, ON, 2008, pp. 383-386. doi: 10.1109/BSC.2008.4563281 PDF

J. Dmochowski, J. Benesty and S. Affes, “On the use of autoregressive modeling for localization of speech,” 2008 5th IEEE Sensor Array and Multichannel Signal Processing Workshop, Darmstadt, 2008, pp. 353-356.
doi: 10.1109/SAM.2008.4606888 PDF

J. Dmochowski, J. Benesty and S. Affes, “Linearly Constrained Minimum Variance Source Localization and Spectral Estimation,” in IEEE Transactions on Audio, Speech, and Language Processing, vol. 16, no. 8, pp. 1490-1502, Nov. 2008. doi: 10.1109/TASL.2008.2005029 PDF



Radman T, Su Y, An JH, Parra L, Bikson M. Spike timing amplifies the effect of electric fields on neurons: Implications for endogenous field effects Journal of Neuroscience. 2007; 27:3030-3036.PDF

Fox JE, Bikson M, Jefferys JG. The effect of neuronal population size on the development of epileptiform discharges in the low calcium model of epilepsy. Neuroscience Letters. 2007; 411:158-61.

Mads Dyrholm, Christoforos Christoforou, Lucas C. Parra, “Bilinear Discriminant Component Analysis”, Journal of Machine Learning Research, vol. 8, pp. 1097-1111, 2007. PDFmatlab code and tutorial.

Lucas C. Parra, Barak A. Pearlmutter, “Illusory percepts from auditory adaptation”, Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, vol. 121, no. 3, pp. 1632-1641, 2007. PDFexamples and matlab code

Johnson KA, Robertson IH, Kelly SP, Silk TJ, Barry E, Dáibhis A, Watchorn A, Keavey M, Fitzgerald M, Gallagher L, Gill M, Bellgrove MA. Dissociation in performance of children with ADHD and high-functioning autism on a task of sustained attention. Neuropsychologia. 2007 Jun 11;45(10):2234-45. PDF

Johnson KA, Kelly SP, Bellgrove MA, Barry E, Cox M, Gill M, Robertson IH. Response variability in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: evidence for neuropsychological heterogeneity. Neuropsychologia. 2007 45(4):630-8. PDF

Senkowski D, Saint-Amour D, Kelly SP, Foxe JJ. Multisensory processing of naturalistic objects in motion: a high-density electrical mapping and source estimation study. NeuroImage. 2007 Jul 1;36(3):877-88. PDF

O’Connell RG, Dockree PM, Bellgrove MA, Kelly SP, Hester R, Garavan H, Robertson IH, Foxe JJ. The role of cingulate cortex in the detection of errors with and without awareness: a high-density electrical mapping study. Eur J Neurosci. 2007 25(8):2571-9. PDF

Dockree PM, Kelly SP, Foxe JJ, Reilly RB, Robertson IH. Optimal sustained attention is linked to the spectral content of background EEG activity: greater ongoing tonic alpha (approximately 10 Hz) power supports successful phasic goal activation. Eur J Neurosci. 2007 25(3):900-7. PDF

Lalor EC, Kelly SP, Pearlmutter BA, Reilly RB, Foxe JJ. Isolating endogenous visuo-spatial attentional effects using the novel visual-evoked spread spectrum analysis (VESPA) technique. Eur J Neurosci. 2007 26(12):3536-42. PDF

J. P. Dmochowski and R. A. Goubran, “Decoupled Beamforming and Noise Cancellation,” in IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement, vol. 56, no. 1, pp. 80-88, Feb. 2007. doi: 10.1109/TIM.2006.887196

J. Benesty, J. Chen, Y. Huang and J. Dmochowski, “On Microphone-Array Beamforming From a MIMO Acoustic Signal Processing Perspective,” in IEEE Transactions on Audio, Speech, and Language Processing, vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 1053-1065, March 2007. doi: 10.1109/TASL.2006.885251 PDF

J. Dmochowski, J. Benesty and S. Affes, “Direction of Arrival Estimation using Eigenanalysis of the Parameterized Spatial Correlation Matrix,” 2007 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing – ICASSP ’07, Honolulu, HI, 2007, pp. I-1-I-4. doi: 10.1109/ICASSP.2007.366601 PDF

J. Dmochowski, J. Benesty and S. Affes, “Direction of Arrival Estimation Using the Parameterized Spatial Correlation Matrix,” in IEEE Transactions on Audio, Speech, and Language Processing, vol. 15, no. 4, pp. 1327-1339, May 2007. doi: 10.1109/TASL.2006.889795 Link

J. P. Dmochowski, J. Benesty and S. Affes, “A Generalized Steered Response Power Method for Computationally Viable Source Localization,” in IEEE Transactions on Audio, Speech, and Language Processing, vol. 15, no. 8, pp. 2510-2526, Nov. 2007. doi: 10.1109/TASL.2007.906694 PDF

J. Dmochowski, J. Benesty and S. Affes, “The generalization of narrowband localization methods to broadband environments via parametrization of the spatial correlation matrix,” Signal Processing Conference, 2007 15th European, Poznan, 2007, pp. 763-767. PDF



Elwassif MM, Kong Q, Vazquez M, Bikson M. Bio-heat transfer model of deep brain stimulation-induced temperature changes. Journal of Neural Engineering. 2006; 3:306-15. PDF

Adam D. Gerson, Lucas C. Parra, Paul Sajda, “Cortically-coupled Computer Vision for Rapid Image Search”, IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems & Rehabilitation Engineering, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 174-179, June 2006. PDF

Lucas C. Parra, “Steerable Frequency-Invariant Beamforming for Arbitrary Arrays”, Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 119 (6), pp. 3839-3847, June 2006. PDF matlab code

Clay D. Spence, Lucas C. Parra, Paul Sajda, “Varying Complexity in Tree-Structured Image Distribution Models”, IEEE Transactions on Image Processing, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 319-330, February 2006. PDF

Yeap S, Kelly SP, Sehatpour P, Magno E, Javitt DC, Garavan H, Thakore JH, Foxe JJ. Early visual sensory deficits as endophenotypes for schizophrenia: high-density electrical mapping in clinically unaffected first-degree relatives. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2006 63(11):1180-8. PDF

Kelly SP, Lalor EC, Reilly RB, Foxe JJ. Increase in alpha oscillatory power reflects an active retinotopic mechanism for distracter suppression during sustained visuospatial attention. J Neurophysiol. 2006 Jun;95(6):3844-51. PDF



Merrill D, Bikson M, Jefferys JGR. Electrical stimulation of excitable tissue: design of efficacious and safe protocols. Journal of Neuroscience Methods. 2005; 141: 171-198 PDF

Lucas C. Parra, Clay D. Spence, Adam D. Gerson, Paul Sajda, “Recipes for the Linear Analysis of EEG”, Neuroimage, vol. 28, no. 2, pp. 326-341, November 2005. PDF matlab code

Adam D. Gerson, Lucas C. Parra, Paul Sajda, “Cortical Origins of Response Time Variability During Rapid Discrimination of Visual Objects”, Neuroimage, vol. 28, no. 2, pp. 342-353, November 2005. PDF matlab code

Burke DP, Kelly SP, de Chazal P, Reilly RB, Finucane C. A parametric feature extraction and classification strategy for brain-computer interfacing. IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng. 2005 13(1):12-7. PDF

Lalor EC, Kelly SP, Finucane C, Burke R, Smith R, Reilly RB, McDarby G. Steady-state VEP-based Brain Computer Interface Control in an Immersive 3-D Gaming Environment. EURASIP Journal on Applied Signal Processing. 2005:19, 3156–3164. PDF

Kelly SP, Lalor EC, Reilly RB, Foxe JJ. Visual spatial attention tracking using high-density SSVEP data for independent brain-computer communication. IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng. 2005 13(2):172-8. PDF

Dockree PM, Kelly SP, Robertson IH, Reilly RB, Foxe JJ. Neurophysiological markers of alert responding during goal-directed behavior: a high-density electrical mapping study. NeuroImage. 2005 27(3):587-601. PDF

Kelly SP, Lalor EC, Finucane C, McDarby G, Reilly RB. Visual spatial attention control in an independent brain-computer interface. IEEE Trans Biomed Eng. 2005 52(9):1588-96. PDF

J. Dmochowski and R. Goubran, “Combined Beamforming and Noise Cancellation,” 2005 IEEE Instrumentationand Measurement Technology Conference Proceedings, Ottawa, Ont., 2005, pp. 1033-1037.
doi: 10.1109/IMTC.2005.1604297



Fox JE, Bikson M, Jefferys JGR. Tissue resistance changes and the profile of synchronized neuronal activity during ictal events in the low calcium model of epilepsy. Journal of Neurophysiology. 2004; 92: 181-188 PDF

Bikson M, Inoue M, Akiyama H, Deans JK, Fox JE, Miyakawa H, Jefferys JGR. Effects of uniform extracellular DC electric fields on excitability in rat hippocampal slices in vitro.  Journal of Physiology. 2004; 557: 175-190 PDF

Paul Sajda, Shuyan Du, Truman R. Brown, Radka Stoyanova, Dikoma C. Shungu, Xiangling Mao, Lucas C. Parra, “Nonnegative Matrix Factorization for Rapid Recovery of Constituent Spectra in Magnetic Resonance Chemical Shift Imaging of the Brain”, IEEE Transaction on Medical Imaging, vol. 23, no. 12, December 2004. PDF

Dockree PM, Kelly SP, Roche RA, Hogan MJ, Reilly RB, Robertson IH. Behavioural and physiological impairments of sustained attention after traumatic brain injury. Cogn Brain Res. 2004 Aug;20(3):403-14. PDF

Lalor EC, Kelly SP, Finucane C, Burke R, Reilly RB, McDarby G. Brain Computer Interface Based on the Steady-State VEP for Immersive Gaming Control. Biomed Tech. 2004 49(1): 63-64. PDF

J. Dmochowski and R. Goubran, “Noise cancellation using fixed beamforming,” Haptic, Audio and Visual Environments and Their Applications, 2004. HAVE 2004. Proceedings. The 3rd IEEE International Workshop on, 2004, pp. 141-145. doi: 10.1109/HAVE.2004.1391896



Durand DM, Bikson M. Control of neuronal activity by electric fields: in-vitro models of epilepsy. In .Deep Brain Stimulation. 2003; Hans Luders ed. Martin Dunitz Ltd. ISBN 978-1841842592

Bikson M, Hahn PJ, Fox JE, Jefferys JGR.  Depolarization block of neurons during maintenance of electrographic seizures. Journal of Neurophysiology. 2003; 90: 2402-2408 PDF

Jefferys JGR, Deans J, Bikson M, Fox J. Effects of weak electric fields on the activity of neurons and neuronal network. Radiation Protection Dosimetry. 2003; 106:321-323

Shuai J, Bikson M, Lian J, Hahn PJ, Durand DM.  Ionic mechanisms underlying spontaneous CA1 neuronal firing in Ca2+-Free Solution. Biophysical Journal 2003; 84: 2099-111

Lian J, Bikson M, Sciortino C, Stacey WC, Durand DM.  Local suppression of epileptiform activity by AC Fields. Journal of Physiology. 2003; 547: 427-434

Bikson M, Fox JE, Jefferys JGR. Neuronal aggregate formation underlies spatio-temporal dynamics of non-synaptic seizure initiation. Journal of Neurophysiology. 2003; 89: 2330-2331 PDF

Lucas Parra, Chris Alvino, Akaysha Tang, Barak Pearlmutter, Nick Yeung, Allen Osman, Paul Sajda, “Single-Trial Detection in EEG and MEG: Keeping it Linear”, Neurocomputing, vol. 52-54, June 2003, pp. 177-183, 2003. PDF

Lucas Parra, Clay Spence, Adam Gerson and Paul Sajda, “Response Error Correction – A Demonstration of Improved Human-Machine Performance Using Real-Time EEG Monitoring”, IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 173 -177, June 2003. PDF

Paul Sajda, Adam Gerson, Klaus-Robert Muller, Benjamin Blankertz, Lucas Parra, “A data analysis competition to evaluate machine learning algorithms for use in brain-computer interfaces”, IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 184-185, June 2003.

Paul Sajda, Clay Spence, Lucas Parra, “A multi-scale probabilistic network model for detection, synthesis and compression in mammographic image analysis”, Medical Image Analysis, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 187-204, June 2003. PDF

Lucas Parra, Paul Sajda, “Blind Source Separation via Generalized Eigenvalue Decomposition”, Journal of Machine Learning Research, vol. 4, pp. 1261-1269, 2003. PDF matlab code



Bikson M, Id Bihi R, Vreugdenhil M, Kohling R, Fox JE, Jefferys JGR. Quinine suppresses extracellular potassium transients and ictal epileptiform activity without decreasing neuronal excitability in vitro. Neuroscience 2002; 115: 253-263

Lucas Parra, Christopher Alvino, “Geometric Source Separation: Merging convolutive source separation with geometric beamforming”, IEEE Transaction on Speech and Audio Processing, vol. 10, no. 6, pp. 352-362, Sept. 2002 PDF

Lucas Parra, Chris Alvino, Akaysha Tang, Barak Pearlmutter, Nick Yeung, Allen Osman, Paul Sajda, “Linear Spatial Integration for Single-Trial Detection in Encephalography”, NeuroImage, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 223-230, 2002 PDF



Lian J, Bikson M, Shuai J, Durand DM. Propagation of non-synaptic epileptiform activity across lesion in rat hippocampal slices.  Journal of Physiology 2001; 537; 191-199

Bikson M, Baraban SC, Durand DM. Conditions sufficient for non-synaptic epileptogenesis in the CA1 region of rat hippocampal slices. Journal of Neurophysiology 2001; 87:62-71 PDF

Bikson M, Lian J, Hahn PJ, Stacey WC, Sciortino C, Durand DM. Suppression of epileptiform activity by high frequency sinusoidal fields in rat hippocampal slices. Journal of Physiology 2001; 531:181-191 PDF

Durand DM, Bikson M. Suppression and control of epileptiform activity by electrical stimulation: a review. Proceedings of the IEEE 2001; 89:1065-1082 PDF



Ghai R, Bikson M, Durand DM. Effects of applied electric fields on low calcium epileptiform activity in the CA1 region of rat hippocampal slices.  Journal of Neurophysiology 2000; 84:274-280 PDF

Lucas Parra, Clay Spence, “Convolutive blind source separation of non-stationary sources”, IEEE Trans. on Speech and Audio Processing pp. 320-327, May 2000. PDF US Patent US6167417 audio demonstrations matlab code by Stefan Harmeling real-room recordings

Lucas Parra, “Reconstruction of cone-beam projections from Compton scattered data”, IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science, vol. 47., no. 4, part II, pp. 1543 -1550, August 2000. PDF

Lucas Parra, Clay Spence, “On-line convolutive source separation of non-stationary signals”, Journal of VLSI Signal Processing, vol. 26, no. 1/2, pp. 39-46, August 2000. PDF



Bikson M, Ghai R, Baraban SC, Durand DM. Modulation of burst frequency, duration, and amplitude in the zero-Ca+2 model of epileptiform activity. Journal of Neurophysiology 1999; 82:2262-70 PDF

Lucas Parra, Harrison Barrett, “List-Mode Likelihood: EM Algorithm and Image Quality Estimation Demonstrated on 2-D PET”, IEEE Transaction in Medical Imaging, Vol. 17, No. 2, pp. 228-235, April 1998. PDF

Harrison Barrett, Timothy White, Lucas Parra, “List-Mode Likelihood”, J. Opt. Soc. Am., 14 (11), pp. 2914-2923, 1997. PDF

Gustavo Deco, Lucas Parra: “Nonlinear Features Extraction by Unsupervised Redundancy Reduction with Stochastic Neural Networks”, Neural Networks, 10, 683-691, 1997.

Lucas Parra, Gustavo Deco, Sebastian Miesbach: “Statistical independence and Novelty Detection with Information Preserving Nonlinear Maps”, Neural Computation, Vol 8, 260-269, 1996 PDF

Lucas Parra, Gustavo Deco, Sebastian Miesbach: “Redundancy Reduction with Information Preserving Nonlinear Maps”, Network, Vol. 1, No. 1, 61-72, 1995. PDF

Lucas Parra, Gustavo Deco: “Continuous Boltzmann Machine with Rotor Neurons”, Neural Networks, Vol. 8, No 3, 375-385, 1995. PDF

Gustavo Deco, Lucas Parra, “Unsupervised Learning for Boltzmann Machines”, Network, Vol. 6, 437-448, 1995. PDF